The most common reasons your Expert Advisor does not build
First: Did your Expert Advisor really not build?
VTS will output both Errors and Warnings. Warnings are informational only. They may indicate there is a problem, but they will not prevent an Expert Advisor from being built. For example, if a Logic Element is not fully defined, you will see a warning, but the EA will still build.
How and Why does VTS allow syntax errors to occur?
First, Why? VTS allows some free-form MQL to be added to a VTS system. This keeps you from being restricted from using advanced trading techniques. However, this can also cause errors.
How? There are 4 basic ways that syntax errors sneak into a VTS system
1. Variable Assignment
The Variable assignment field allows you to enter any valid MQL, not just a numerical or alpha-numerical value. For example, you may want to determine the spread, so you create a variable named “spread” and in the assignment field enter:
Ask – Bid
Or you may want the average price:
(Ask – Bid)/2
It’s pretty useful to be able to enter simple MQL like this.
2. MQL Element
This is similar to entering MQL code in the variable assignment field, except that you can enter multiple lines of MQL code, or even an entire MQL function. You should not use the MQL Element unless you have some experience with MQL or are willing to learn.
On the Logic Element configuration window, there are parenthesis buttons to add open or close parenthesis to any logical condition.
The open and close parenthesis allow you to create complex logic. But if the parenthesis don’t match up, you will get an MQL syntax error. Again, you should not use this functionality unless you have clear understanding of the order of logical precedence in MQL (or you are willing to learn).
Best practice: When using any of the above 3 methods, press the Build button often (after making any changes) and check for errors. This way, if you inject an error, you’ll have a better idea of where it is located.
4. Non-ASCII characters or Spaces
- Most of our testing is done on Windows PCs where US-English is the primary locale. If your PC is not using an English locale, please be very careful with your element names and values and be sure they are simple ASCII values.
- MQL variables and function names can not have spaces (or start with numbers). The VTS entry screens should prevent these from being entered, but it does happen.
- If you are used to using commas for fractional numbers and decimals as a thousand separator (backwards to us English users) this will cause problems. The MQL syntax expects fractional numbers as 1.23, not 1,23.
See this post on how to resolve an MQL Syntax error.